Cell class

Represents a table cell.

To learn more, visit the Working with Tables documentation article.

public class Cell : CompositeNode


Cell(DocumentBase)Initializes a new instance of the Cell class.


CellFormat { get; }Provides access to the formatting properties of the cell.
Count { get; }Gets the number of immediate children of this node.
CustomNodeId { get; set; }Specifies custom node identifier.
virtual Document { get; }Gets the document to which this node belongs.
FirstChild { get; }Gets the first child of the node.
FirstParagraph { get; }Gets the first paragraph among the immediate children.
HasChildNodes { get; }Returns true if this node has any child nodes.
override IsComposite { get; }Returns true as this node can have child nodes.
IsFirstCell { get; }True if this is the first cell inside a row; false otherwise.
IsLastCell { get; }True if this is the last cell inside a row; false otherwise.
LastChild { get; }Gets the last child of the node.
LastParagraph { get; }Gets the last paragraph among the immediate children.
NextCell { get; }Gets the next Cell node.
NextSibling { get; }Gets the node immediately following this node.
override NodeType { get; }Returns Cell.
Paragraphs { get; }Gets a collection of paragraphs that are immediate children of the cell.
ParentNode { get; }Gets the immediate parent of this node.
ParentRow { get; }Returns the parent row of the cell.
PreviousCell { get; }Gets the previous Cell node.
PreviousSibling { get; }Gets the node immediately preceding this node.
Range { get; }Returns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.
Tables { get; }Gets a collection of tables that are immediate children of the cell.


override Accept(DocumentVisitor)Accepts a visitor.
override AcceptEnd(DocumentVisitor)Accepts a visitor for visiting the end of the cell.
override AcceptStart(DocumentVisitor)Accepts a visitor for visiting the start of the cell.
AppendChild<T>(T)Adds the specified node to the end of the list of child nodes for this node.
Clone(bool)Creates a duplicate of the node.
CreateNavigator()Creates navigator which can be used to traverse and read nodes.
EnsureMinimum()If the last child is not a paragraph, creates and appends one empty paragraph.
GetAncestor(NodeType)Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
GetAncestor(Type)Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.
GetChild(NodeType, int, bool)Returns an Nth child node that matches the specified type.
GetChildNodes(NodeType, bool)Returns a live collection of child nodes that match the specified type.
GetEnumerator()Provides support for the for each style iteration over the child nodes of this node.
override GetText()Gets the text of this node and of all its children.
IndexOf(Node)Returns the index of the specified child node in the child node array.
InsertAfter<T>(T, Node)Inserts the specified node immediately after the specified reference node.
InsertBefore<T>(T, Node)Inserts the specified node immediately before the specified reference node.
NextPreOrder(Node)Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
PrependChild<T>(T)Adds the specified node to the beginning of the list of child nodes for this node.
PreviousPreOrder(Node)Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
Remove()Removes itself from the parent.
RemoveAllChildren()Removes all the child nodes of the current node.
RemoveChild<T>(T)Removes the specified child node.
RemoveSmartTags()Removes all SmartTag descendant nodes of the current node.
SelectNodes(string)Selects a list of nodes matching the XPath expression.
SelectSingleNode(string)Selects the first Node that matches the XPath expression.
ToString(SaveFormat)Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
ToString(SaveOptions)Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.


Cell can only be a child of a Row.

Cell can contain block-level nodes Paragraph and Table.

A minimal valid cell needs to have at least one Paragraph.


Shows how to create a table.

Document doc = new Document();
Table table = new Table(doc);

// Tables contain rows, which contain cells, which may have paragraphs
// with typical elements such as runs, shapes, and even other tables.
// Calling the "EnsureMinimum" method on a table will ensure that
// the table has at least one row, cell, and paragraph.
Row firstRow = new Row(doc);

Cell firstCell = new Cell(doc);

Paragraph paragraph = new Paragraph(doc);

// Add text to the first cell in the first row of the table.
Run run = new Run(doc, "Hello world!");

doc.Save(ArtifactsDir + "Table.CreateTable.docx");

Shows how to iterate through all tables in the document and print the contents of each cell.

Document doc = new Document(MyDir + "Tables.docx");
TableCollection tables = doc.FirstSection.Body.Tables;

Assert.AreEqual(2, tables.ToArray().Length);

for (int i = 0; i < tables.Count; i++)
    Console.WriteLine($"Start of Table {i}");

    RowCollection rows = tables[i].Rows;

    // We can use the "ToArray" method on a row collection to clone it into an array.
    Assert.AreEqual(rows, rows.ToArray());
    Assert.AreNotSame(rows, rows.ToArray());

    for (int j = 0; j < rows.Count; j++)
        Console.WriteLine($"\tStart of Row {j}");

        CellCollection cells = rows[j].Cells;

        // We can use the "ToArray" method on a cell collection to clone it into an array.
        Assert.AreEqual(cells, cells.ToArray());
        Assert.AreNotSame(cells, cells.ToArray());

        for (int k = 0; k < cells.Count; k++)
            string cellText = cells[k].ToString(SaveFormat.Text).Trim();
            Console.WriteLine($"\t\tContents of Cell:{k} = \"{cellText}\"");

        Console.WriteLine($"\tEnd of Row {j}");

    Console.WriteLine($"End of Table {i}\n");

Shows how to build a nested table without using a document builder.

public void CreateNestedTable()
    Document doc = new Document();

    // Create the outer table with three rows and four columns, and then add it to the document.
    Table outerTable = CreateTable(doc, 3, 4, "Outer Table");

    // Create another table with two rows and two columns and then insert it into the first table's first cell.
    Table innerTable = CreateTable(doc, 2, 2, "Inner Table");

    doc.Save(ArtifactsDir + "Table.CreateNestedTable.docx");

/// <summary>
/// Creates a new table in the document with the given dimensions and text in each cell.
/// </summary>
private static Table CreateTable(Document doc, int rowCount, int cellCount, string cellText)
    Table table = new Table(doc);

    for (int rowId = 1; rowId <= rowCount; rowId++)
        Row row = new Row(doc);

        for (int cellId = 1; cellId <= cellCount; cellId++)
            Cell cell = new Cell(doc);
            cell.AppendChild(new Paragraph(doc));
            cell.FirstParagraph.AppendChild(new Run(doc, cellText));


    // You can use the "Title" and "Description" properties to add a title and description respectively to your table.
    // The table must have at least one row before we can use these properties.
    // These properties are meaningful for ISO / IEC 29500 compliant .docx documents (see the OoxmlCompliance class).
    // If we save the document to pre-ISO/IEC 29500 formats, Microsoft Word ignores these properties.
    table.Title = "Aspose table title";
    table.Description = "Aspose table description";

    return table;

See Also