VariableCollection class

A collection of document variables.

To learn more, visit the Work with Document Properties documentation article.

public class VariableCollection : IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<string, string>>


Count { get; }Gets the number of elements contained in the collection.
Item { get; set; }Gets or a sets a document variable by the case-insensitive name. null values are not allowed as a right hand side of the assignment and will be replaced by empty string. (2 indexers)


Add(string, string)Adds a document variable to the collection.
Clear()Removes all elements from the collection.
Contains(string)Determines whether the collection contains a document variable with the given name.
GetEnumerator()Returns an enumerator object that can be used to iterate over all variable in the collection.
IndexOfKey(string)Returns the zero-based index of the specified document variable in the collection.
Remove(string)Removes a document variable with the specified name from the collection.
RemoveAt(int)Removes a document variable at the specified index.


Variable names and values are strings.

Variable names are case-insensitive.


Shows how to work with a document’s variable collection.

Document doc = new Document();
VariableCollection variables = doc.Variables;

// Every document has a collection of key/value pair variables, which we can add items to.
variables.Add("Home address", "123 Main St.");
variables.Add("City", "London");
variables.Add("Bedrooms", "3");

Assert.AreEqual(3, variables.Count);

// We can display the values of variables in the document body using DOCVARIABLE fields.
DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);
FieldDocVariable field = (FieldDocVariable)builder.InsertField(FieldType.FieldDocVariable, true);
field.VariableName = "Home address";

Assert.AreEqual("123 Main St.", field.Result);

// Assigning values to existing keys will update them.
variables.Add("Home address", "456 Queen St.");

// We will then have to update DOCVARIABLE fields to ensure they display an up-to-date value.
Assert.AreEqual("123 Main St.", field.Result);


Assert.AreEqual("456 Queen St.", field.Result);

// Verify that the document variables with a certain name or value exist.
Assert.True(variables.Any(v => v.Value == "London"));

// The collection of variables automatically sorts variables alphabetically by name.
Assert.AreEqual(0, variables.IndexOfKey("Bedrooms"));
Assert.AreEqual(1, variables.IndexOfKey("City"));
Assert.AreEqual(2, variables.IndexOfKey("Home address"));

// Enumerate over the collection of variables.
using (IEnumerator<KeyValuePair<string, string>> enumerator = doc.Variables.GetEnumerator())
    while (enumerator.MoveNext())
        Console.WriteLine($"Name: {enumerator.Current.Key}, Value: {enumerator.Current.Value}");

// Below are three ways of removing document variables from a collection.
// 1 -  By name:


// 2 -  By index:

Assert.False(variables.Contains("Home address"));

// 3 -  Clear the whole collection at once:

Assert.That(variables, Is.Empty);

See Also