Node class

Node class

Base class for all nodes of a Word document. To learn more, visit the Aspose.Words Document Object Model (DOM) documentation article.


A document is represented as a tree of nodes, similar to DOM or XmlDocument.

For more info see the Composite design pattern.

The Node class:

  • Defines the child node interface.

  • Defines the interface for visiting nodes.

  • Provides default cloning capability.

  • Implements parent node and owner document mechanisms.

  • Implements access to sibling nodes.


custom_node_idSpecifies custom node identifier.
documentGets the document to which this node belongs.
is_compositeReturns True if this node can contain other nodes.
next_siblingGets the node immediately following this node.
node_typeGets the type of this node.
parent_nodeGets the immediate parent of this node.
previous_siblingGets the node immediately preceding this node.
rangeReturns a Range object that represents the portion of a document that is contained in this node.


accept(visitor)Accepts a visitor.
as_body()Cast node to Body.
as_bookmark_end()Cast node to BookmarkEnd.
as_bookmark_start()Cast node to BookmarkStart.
as_building_block()Cast node to BuildingBlock.
as_cell()Cast node to Cell.
as_comment()Cast node to Comment.
as_comment_range_end()Cast node to CommentRangeEnd.
as_comment_range_start()Cast node to CommentRangeStart.
as_composite_node()Cast node to CompositeNode.
as_document()Cast node to Node.document.
as_editable_range_end()Cast node to EditableRangeEnd.
as_editable_range_start()Cast node to EditableRangeStart.
as_field_end()Cast node to FieldEnd.
as_field_separator()Cast node to FieldSeparator.
as_field_start()Cast node to FieldStart.
as_footnote()Cast node to Footnote.
as_form_field()Cast node to FormField.
as_glossary_document()Cast node to GlossaryDocument.
as_group_shape()Cast node to GroupShape.
as_header_footer()Cast node to HeaderFooter.
as_office_math()Cast node to OfficeMath.
as_paragraph()Cast node to Paragraph.
as_row()Cast node to Row.
as_run()Cast node to Run.
as_section()Cast node to Section.
as_shape()Cast node to Shape.
as_smart_tag()Cast node to SmartTag.
as_special_char()Cast node to SpecialChar.
as_structured_document_tag()Cast node to StructuredDocumentTag.
as_structured_document_tag_range_end()Cast node to StructuredDocumentTagRangeEnd.
as_structured_document_tag_range_start()Cast node to StructuredDocumentTagRangeStart.
as_sub_document()Cast node to SubDocument.
as_table()Cast node to Table.
clone(is_clone_children)Creates a duplicate of the node.
get_ancestor(ancestor_type)Gets the first ancestor of the specified object type.
get_ancestor(ancestor_type)Gets the first ancestor of the specified NodeType.
get_text()Gets the text of this node and of all its children.
next_pre_order(root_node)Gets next node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
node_type_to_string(node_type)A utility method that converts a node type enum value into a user friendly string.
previous_pre_order(root_node)Gets the previous node according to the pre-order tree traversal algorithm.
remove()Removes itself from the parent.
to_string(save_format)Exports the content of the node into a string in the specified format.
to_string(save_options)Exports the content of the node into a string using the specified save options.


Shows how to clone a composite node.

doc = aw.Document()
para = doc.first_section.body.first_paragraph
para.append_child(aw.Run(doc, "Hello world!"))

# Below are two ways of cloning a composite node.
# 1 -  Create a clone of a node, and create a clone of each of its child nodes as well.
clone_with_children = para.clone(True)

self.assertEqual("Hello world!", clone_with_children.get_text().strip())

# 2 -  Create a clone of a node just by itself without any children.
clone_without_children = para.clone(False)

self.assertEqual("", clone_without_children.get_text().strip())

Shows how to traverse through a composite node’s collection of child nodes.

doc = aw.Document()

# Add two runs and one shape as child nodes to the first paragraph of this document.
paragraph = doc.get_child(aw.NodeType.PARAGRAPH, 0, True).as_paragraph()
paragraph.append_child(aw.Run(doc, "Hello world! "))

shape = aw.drawing.Shape(doc, aw.drawing.ShapeType.RECTANGLE)
shape.width = 200
shape.height = 200
# Note that the 'custom_node_id' is not saved to an output file and exists only during the node lifetime.
shape.custom_node_id = 100
shape.wrap_type = aw.drawing.WrapType.INLINE

paragraph.append_child(aw.Run(doc, "Hello again!"))

# Iterate through the paragraph's collection of immediate children,
# and print any runs or shapes that we find within.
children = paragraph.get_child_nodes(aw.NodeType.ANY, False)

self.assertEqual(3, paragraph.get_child_nodes(aw.NodeType.ANY, False).count)

for child in children:
    if child.node_type == aw.NodeType.RUN:
        print("Run contents:")

    elif child.node_type == aw.NodeType.SHAPE:
        child_shape = child.as_shape()
        print(f"\t{child_shape.shape_type}, {child_shape.width}x{child_shape.height}")

Shows how to remove all child nodes of a specific type from a composite node.

doc = aw.Document(MY_DIR + "Tables.docx")

self.assertEqual(2, doc.get_child_nodes(aw.NodeType.TABLE, True).count)

cur_node = doc.first_section.body.first_child

while cur_node is not None:

    # Save the next sibling node as a variable in case we want to move to it after deleting this node.
    next_node = cur_node.next_sibling

    # A section body can contain Paragraph and Table nodes.
    # If the node is a Table, remove it from the parent.
    if cur_node.node_type == aw.NodeType.TABLE:

    cur_node = next_node

self.assertEqual(0, doc.get_child_nodes(aw.NodeType.TABLE, True).count)

See Also