IReplacingCallback

IReplacingCallback interface

如果您想在查找和替换操作期间调用自己的自定义方法,请实现此接口。

public interface IReplacingCallback

方法

姓名 描述
Replacing(ReplacingArgs) 用户定义的方法,在替换操作期间为在替换之前找到的每个匹配项调用。

例子

展示如何用另一个字符串替换所有出现的正则表达式模式,同时跟踪所有此类替换。

{
    Document doc = new Document();
    DocumentBuilder builder = new DocumentBuilder(doc);

    builder.Writeln("Our new location in New York City is opening tomorrow. " +
                    "Hope to see all our NYC-based customers at the opening!");

    // 我们可以使用“FindReplaceOptions”对象来修改查找和替换过程。
    FindReplaceOptions options = new FindReplaceOptions();

    // 设置一个回调来跟踪“替换”方法将进行的任何替换。
    TextFindAndReplacementLogger logger = new TextFindAndReplacementLogger();
    options.ReplacingCallback = logger;

    doc.Range.Replace(new Regex("New York City|NYC"), "Washington", options);

    Assert.AreEqual("Our new location in (Old value:\"New York City\") Washington is opening tomorrow. " +
                    "Hope to see all our (Old value:\"NYC\") Washington-based customers at the opening!", doc.GetText().Trim());

    Assert.AreEqual("\"New York City\" converted to \"Washington\" 20 characters into a Run node.\r\n" +
                    "\"NYC\" converted to \"Washington\" 42 characters into a Run node.", logger.GetLog().Trim());
}

/// <summary>
/// 维护由查找和替换操作完成的每个文本替换的日志
/// 并注意原始匹配文本的值。
/// </summary>
private class TextFindAndReplacementLogger : IReplacingCallback
{
    ReplaceAction IReplacingCallback.Replacing(ReplacingArgs args)
    {
        mLog.AppendLine($"\"{args.Match.Value}\" converted to \"{args.Replacement}\" " +
                        $"{args.MatchOffset} characters into a {args.MatchNode.NodeType} node.");

        args.Replacement = $"(Old value:\"{args.Match.Value}\") {args.Replacement}";
        return ReplaceAction.Replace;
    }

    public string GetLog()
    {
        return mLog.ToString();
    }

    private readonly StringBuilder mLog = new StringBuilder();
}

显示如何跟踪文本替换操作遍历节点的顺序。

public void Order(bool differentFirstPageHeaderFooter)
        {
            Document doc = new Document(MyDir + "Header and footer types.docx");

            Section firstPageSection = doc.FirstSection;

            ReplaceLog logger = new ReplaceLog();
            FindReplaceOptions options = new FindReplaceOptions { ReplacingCallback = logger };

            // 第一页使用不同的页眉/页脚会影响搜索顺序。
            firstPageSection.PageSetup.DifferentFirstPageHeaderFooter = differentFirstPageHeaderFooter;
            doc.Range.Replace(new Regex("(header|footer)"), "", options);

#if NET48 || NET5_0_OR_GREATER || JAVA
            if (differentFirstPageHeaderFooter)
                Assert.AreEqual("First header\nFirst footer\nSecond header\nSecond footer\nThird header\nThird footer\n", 
                    logger.Text.Replace("\r", ""));
            else
                Assert.AreEqual("Third header\nFirst header\nThird footer\nFirst footer\nSecond header\nSecond footer\n", 
                    logger.Text.Replace("\r", ""));
#elif __MOBILE__
            if (differentFirstPageHeaderFooter)
                Assert.AreEqual("First header\nFirst footer\nSecond header\nSecond footer\nThird header\nThird footer\n", logger.Text);
            else
                Assert.AreEqual("Third header\nFirst header\nThird footer\nFirst footer\nSecond header\nSecond footer\n", logger.Text);
#endif
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 在查找和替换操作期间,记录具有操作“找到”的文本的每个节点的内容,
        /// 在替换发生之前的状态。
        /// 这将显示文本替换操作遍历节点的顺序。
        /// </summary>
        private class ReplaceLog : IReplacingCallback
        {
            public ReplaceAction Replacing(ReplacingArgs args)
            {
                mTextBuilder.AppendLine(args.MatchNode.GetText());
                return ReplaceAction.Skip;
            }

            internal string Text => mTextBuilder.ToString();

            private readonly StringBuilder mTextBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        }

演示如何在查找和替换操作中插入整个文档的内容以替换匹配项。

{
    Document mainDoc = new Document(MyDir + "Document insertion destination.docx");

    // 我们可以使用“FindReplaceOptions”对象来修改查找和替换过程。
    FindReplaceOptions options = new FindReplaceOptions();
    options.ReplacingCallback = new InsertDocumentAtReplaceHandler();

    mainDoc.Range.Replace(new Regex("\\[MY_DOCUMENT\\]"), "", options);
    mainDoc.Save(ArtifactsDir + "InsertDocument.InsertDocumentAtReplace.docx");

private class InsertDocumentAtReplaceHandler : IReplacingCallback
{
    ReplaceAction IReplacingCallback.Replacing(ReplacingArgs args)
    {
        Document subDoc = new Document(MyDir + "Document.docx");

        // 在包含匹配文本的段落之后插入一个文档。
        Paragraph para = (Paragraph)args.MatchNode.ParentNode;
        InsertDocument(para, subDoc);

        // 删除匹配文本的段落。
        para.Remove();

        return ReplaceAction.Skip;
    }
}

/// <summary>
/// 在段落或表格之后插入另一个文档的所有节点。
/// </summary>
private static void InsertDocument(Node insertionDestination, Document docToInsert)
{
    if (insertionDestination.NodeType == NodeType.Paragraph || insertionDestination.NodeType == NodeType.Table)
    {
        CompositeNode dstStory = insertionDestination.ParentNode;

        NodeImporter importer =
            new NodeImporter(docToInsert, insertionDestination.Document, ImportFormatMode.KeepSourceFormatting);

        foreach (Section srcSection in docToInsert.Sections.OfType<Section>())
            foreach (Node srcNode in srcSection.Body)
            {
                // 如果节点是节中的最后一个空段落,则跳过该节点。
                if (srcNode.NodeType == NodeType.Paragraph)
                {
                    Paragraph para = (Paragraph)srcNode;
                    if (para.IsEndOfSection && !para.HasChildNodes)
                        continue;
                }

                Node newNode = importer.ImportNode(srcNode, true);

                dstStory.InsertAfter(newNode, insertionDestination);
                insertionDestination = newNode;
            }
    }
    else
    {
        throw new ArgumentException("The destination node must be either a paragraph or table.");
    }
}

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